Map of Climate of South America. Complete map of climate and vegetation of continent of South America

Atlas of South America

Detailed  road, geographical and political maps of the South America.

Free download clear maps of the States of South America.

Map of Climate and Vegetation of South America. Complete easy read map of climate and vegetation of continent (mainland) of South America

Map of Climate and Vegetation of South America. Complete easy read map of climate and vegetation of continent (mainland) of South America

Climate and Vegetation

South America extends from the steamy, hot tropical regions in the north to the cold windswept island of Tierra del Fuego in the far south. The continent also includes the Atacama Desert, which extends along the coast of Peru and northern Chile. One of the driest places on Earth, parts of it have had no rainfall for 400 years. Patagonia, in southern Argentina, is another dry region.

In the Andes Mountains, the climate changes the higher one goes. Tropical forests grow on the lower slopes near the equator. But higher up are cold pastures overlooked by snow-capped peaks.

Range of Climates

Most of South America has a warm climate. This is because much of the land lies in the tropics, with the equator passing through Ecuador, Colombia, and Brazil. High temperatures are accompanied by heavy rainfall, encouraging the growth of the world's largest rainforest, which covers most of equatorial South America.

In the far north, where rain occurs only in one season, the forest merges into the Llanos, a grassy region with scattered trees, like the tropical savanna of Africa.

Southern South America has cooler winters than the tropical lands to the north. The grassy pampas region of northeastern Argentina and Uruguay has a mild, subtropical climate. In winter, cold winds from the Antarctic may bring cold weather and light snow to southern South America.

The pampas region, like the North American prairies, has enough rainfall to support the growth of tall grasses. But to the west, the land becomes drier and the pampas merges into dry steppe. But the driest region is the Atacama Desert, where hundreds of years may pass without any rain. Patagonia, in southern Argentina, is also dry.

Map of Climate and Vegetation of South America. Complete easy read map of climate and vegetation of continent (mainland) of South America