Geographic map of Paraguay.
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Geographic map of Paraguay. Area of Paraguay, the number of population, main crops, industry, culture Paraguay - all on a single map
Paraguay is a landlocked country. Rivers make up most of its boundaries. The land consists mostly of large plains, plateaus, and hills. The climate is warm and humid. Most people live in the east. Paraguay's earliest-known people were Native Americans called the Guarani. The Guarani language is now one of the country's two official languages. Most of the people in Paraguay are mestizos of mixed Native American and European origin.
Area: 406,752 sq km (150,048 sq miles)
Highest point: 680 m (2.231 ft), in the southeast
Capital and largest city:
Asuncion (pop 502,000)
Other large city: San Lorenzo (133.000)
Official languages: Spanish, Guarani
Religions: Christianity (Roman Catholic 88; Protestant 5%), other 7%
Gauchos arc cowboys who work on ranches in Paraguay and elsewhere on the grassy plains called pampas. Farming employs about half of Paraguay's people. Soya bean flour, cotton, oilseed cakes, vegetable oils. meat, and hides are leading exports.
Hydroelectric power stations provide Paraguay with abundant electricity. Paraguay shares the huge Itaipu Dam with Brazil. When it was completed in 1991, this dam became one of the world's largest.
Quebracho trees grow in Paraguay and Argentina. Tannin, which is used for tanning hides, is extracted from quebracho wood. Forestry is important in Paraguay, but the country has no major mineral deposits.
Asuncion, capital of Paraguay, was founded by Spanish settlers in 1537 at the junction of the Paraguay and Pilcomayo rivers. Asuncion is the country's main industrial city-Manufactured products include cement, processed food, leather goods, and textiles.
Giant anleatcrs feed on the plentiful supplies of ants and termites found in the humid forests and plains. The animals tear open the anthills with their strong claws and lick up the anis. They have a long, sticky tongue but no teeth.
Soccer is Paraguay's most popular sport. It is played throughout much of South America, especially in Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay, which have distinguished records in international soccer competitions.